14th Euro-Global Gastroenterology Conference
Department of National Nutrition And Food Technology Research, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Title: Nutritional recommendations for patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases
Biography: Nafiseh Bahadori birgani
Fatty liver is the most common liver disease worldwide. Hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia induce lipogenesis, thereby increasing the hepatic pool of fatty acids. Nutritional consultations and lifestyle modification are important in the treatment of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) . The usual management of NAFLD includes lifestyle counseling to achieve a gradual weight reduction and an increase in physical activity. An intensive lifestyle intervention focused on diet, exercise and behavior modification with a goal of 7–10% weight reduction that leads to significant improvement in liver histology in patients with NASH . Indeed, weight loss improves steatosis , reduces hepatic inflammation and hepatocellular injury ,  and improves cardiovascular risk profile. . Several changes in dietary intake have occurred in the past few years, including increased energy intake (24%), and increases in added sugars, flour and cereal products, fruit, added fats and total fat intake. Fatty liver disease in humans is an insulin-resistant condition and the liver over-produces glucose and triglycerides due to impaired insulin action. Fatty liver is an independent predictor of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. There are three major sources for increased liver fat accumulation: excessive delivery of free fatty acids from lipolysis of superficial and visceral fat depots (60%), increased de novo hepatic lipogenesis (30%), and increased nutritional intake (10%).